The traffic light government’s plans to exempt many tenants from heating costs and climate taxes are becoming more concrete. The relevant draft act from the Ministry of Economy and Climate Protection and the Ministry of Construction has been submitted for consideration to other federal ministries.
The article is available from the German Press Agency in Berlin. So far, only the key points agreed by the responsible ministries at the beginning of April have been known.
- The CO2 price should help protect the climate
From next year, the owners should take over part of the so-called CO2 prices – the more they are, the less climate-friendly their house is. Since last year, the price of CO2 has made heating and refueling more expensive and is expected to help reduce carbon dioxide emissions that are harmful to the climate.
- The allocation of costs depends on the climate footprint
In the future, the division into tenants and owners will apply in the ten-step model. For homes with very high carbon emissions per square meter, owners would pay 90 percent. CO2 prices, while tenants with very low emissions would pay for themselves. However, tenants’ representatives are concerned that the costs of a possible renovation, at which landlords could reduce their share, will ultimately be passed on to tenants.
- Heating bill information
Tenants and landlords should obtain the necessary carbon footprint data from their heating bill. Energy suppliers will have to collect them and report them in the future.
According to earlier information, the tenants’ association assumes that a model household in an unrenovated flat will incur additional costs of up to EUR 130 per year for gas and EUR 190 for heating oil as a result of the new CO2 tax. By 2025, additional costs will rise to as much as EUR 238 for gas and EUR 350 for heating oil. These costs are for allocation.
Marco Luczak (CDU), spokesman for the construction policy of the CDU / CSU parliamentary group, described the proposal as a “bluff”. It is unfair that when sharing the costs, it is not the energy condition of the building that matters, but the amount of fuel used.
This penalizes owners who have already refurbished their buildings. “Because the amount of fuel consumed depends on many factors, such as the number of users and weather conditions, which vary greatly from region to region,” explained Łuczak. “There is also a risk that large families and the elderly will suffer as they generally use more energy. It will be even harder for them to find a flat in the future because they fall into a crevice when choosing a landlord. ‘
From Luczak’s point of view, the energy condition of the building should count when allocating costs. Reliable public funds for energy modernization are also necessary.
For commercial type homes where no one lives, the costs should be shared equally. However, in the long run, a step-by-step model is also to appear here.
In addition, the following rules should apply: If the state regulations significantly limit the owners of the possibility of energy refurbishment, then they have to make a smaller contribution or not at all to the CO2 price. It may be a matter of monument protection requirements that may prevent the walls from being insulated. Or the situation in so-called environmental areas, where there are stricter requirements for changes in appearance. In some areas, homeowners have no choice but to accept supplies from local district heating networks – this also aims to reduce their share.
The idea behind this: the regulation should create incentives to save energy – and this implies that owners can make a difference as well. Luczak criticizes that CO2 costs may remain with the tenant. “Environmental protection means that climate protection is prevented and tenants are burdened with additional costs. It’s very doubtful.
In the next steps, the government has yet to approve the plans, and the final decision will be made by the Bundestag. Incidentally, the regulation should only come six months later than agreed in the coalition agreement between the SPD, the Greens and the FDP. In fact, the traffic light partners had already aimed at a new regulation for June 1st. (dpa)