Berlin (dpa / tmn) – Liquid gas is needed for the grill, camping stove, but also the gas stove in the kitchen or patio heater. If you want to stock up properly and store your cylinders at home, you should know these tips:
Where can LPG cylinders be stored?
Stairways, corridors, passages are not suitable, bedrooms and basements are even taboo for private households. The bottles should also not be stored in glass.
According to Markus Lau, a technical expert of the German Liquefied Gas Association (DVFG), the storage location must be above ground and ventilated. “Well-ventilated garden sheds are suitable sites.” Or garages. Leaking gas from leaky valves can collect in places that are not ventilated. It is dangerous for two reasons: The air-gas mixture can catch fire and is asphyxiating.
How to store bottles?
“Full and empty LPG cylinders may only be stored in an upright and standing position. Make sure you close the valve tightly and put the protective cap on it, ”says Markus Lau. This prevents damage to the valve. “You should screw the supplied acorn nut back onto the cylinder valve and hand tighten.”
Gas cylinders that have already been opened can also be stored, here you should also make sure that the gas cannot escape. Therefore, first you need to close the shut-off valve on the device and then the valve on the used cylinder – explains LPG expert Lau.
After disconnecting the bottle from the device, the supplied cap cap must be screwed back onto the valve. If the bottles have been opened, check the valves for leaks. “Leak detection spray, for example,” says Lau. In this case, the bottle should be taken outside and discarded. According to the DVFG, the distributor must be informed about this. Never return leaking bottles to the dealer in your car – there is a risk of suffocation and explosion.
Finally, a valve protector appears on the bottle, usually a red protective cap. This prevents damage, for example in the event of bottles falling over.
How long can I store LPG cylinders?
According to the DVFG, there is no blanket expiry date. But the year is printed on the bottles – this is another inspection period. Every ten to 15 years, the testing organization has to determine the condition of the bottles before refilling. “The gas does not deteriorate ‘bad’ and you can use it without fear even after the test period has expired,” says Lau.
Are there rules governing how many shares you can build?
Yes, for private individuals. For example indoors, but also in a garden shed, the “Technical Regulations for Liquefied Gas” (TRF) limit the amount of storage to liquefied gas cylinders weighing 5 or 11 kilograms. Additionally, another room of the building can store another bottle of the same size – but bedrooms and basements are taboo for well-known reasons.
“For outdoor storage, it is recommended that you only keep one bottle for each consumer appliance, such as a gas grill, as a spare,” Lau recommends. But there are no rules here.
Should I stock up at all?
The German Liquefied Gas Association sees no reason to consider the supply situation: “Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is available safely and securely as the versatile energy source comes from German refineries, EU countries, Scandinavia and the US,” says Markus Lau.
Because LPG from bottles for grilling at home and for cooking, cooling, hot water and heating in a caravan is called “LPG” or LPG for short. Usually it is propane, but according to the DVFG, bottles are rarely filled with butane.
LPG should not be confused with liquefied natural gas, which is the second most important energy source in Germany. This LNG (from “liquefied natural gas”) is a mixture of substances mainly consisting of methane. Many heating systems in private homes are operated with it.
By the way: heaters can work with both. LNG goes home through the natural gas network, LPG is delivered by tanker truck and is usually located where there is no access to natural gas or district heating.
© dpa-infocom, dpa: 220520-99-368490 / 2