Do you transfer the solution?

keel.Ann Sophie Mainitz is concerned about the availability of a basic necessity: housing. He cites figures: In four years – from 2016 to 2020 – rents in Schleswig-Holstein increased by an average of 16%. Things went a little slower in 2020. But that cannot reassure the managing director of Kiel’s tenants’ association: “It was also a Corona – many of the owners were very accommodating.” The lawyer says, “We cannot assume that the trend will reverse.”

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Not a good prospect for people who live in one of the approximately 627,000 rental apartments in Schleswig-Holstein. And for those who are looking for a new apartment. Yes, things are being built, but the pace is slowing down. Last year, 12,636 new houses were commissioned for use throughout the country – 1,441, which is one tenth less than in 2020.

Moreover, newly created living space is usually inaccessible to lower income groups. Drastic increases in the price of building materials and strict regulations have increased costs to such an extent that investors have to charge EUR 13 or more per square meter of net cold rent in order for the project to be profitable.

Broken supply chains for building materials are an even greater obstacle in housing construction. Many housing companies put off new construction projects in the hope of better times. But you can’t see them. Many investors are also on hold as the Berlin traffic light coalition has cut almost nil a new subsidy to build the state-owned KfW bank.

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Schleswig-Holstein rent increase: annual increase of 3.9 percent

At the same time, the demand for affordable housing is growing. “It’s a simple calculation,” says Mainitz, “Supply and demand determine price.” According to the investment bank Schleswig-Holstein, the average rental prices in Schleswig-Holstein increased by 3.9 in 2016-2020. percentage up.

The main reason is the continued high demand. At the same time, the number of flats offered in the lower price segment decreased. The development bank cites reduced fluctuations as one of the causes. In other words, anyone who has a cheap apartment thinks very carefully whether they should risk moving. Another price factor: expensive retrofits.

Rents in towns and villages are becoming more expensive

The times when rents were expensive in the cities and bargains in the countryside are long gone. “Growth is correspondingly lower with declining centrality and population density,” says Björn Petersen, Managing Director of the Kiel-based brokerage firm Spiering. But it is getting more expensive everywhere.

On the demand side, says a real estate expert, there may be a relief, because in tough economic times, the so-called “demand for prosperity,” that is, for a city apartment that is used more sporadically, shrinks. But that is unlikely to defuse the financial situation of households: “These subtle effects,” says Petersen, will unfortunately evaporate like a drop in the ocean because of the way energy prices have spiraled out of control.

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Rents are very political. The parties and interest groups are adequately spaced from each other – even when assessing the situation. While the tenants ‘association condemned the lifting of the rent brake and the relaxation of the state cap as a cardinal error, the owners’ association Haus & Grund sees government failure in an entirely different area.

“It is true that the supply of residential space in Kiel, Lübeck and Flensburg, as well as in the metropolitan region, is scarce,” says Alexander Blažek, president of Haus & Grund Schleswig-Holstein. In his opinion, however, this is because “building authorities have a tendency to put up obstacles to builders, not to roll out the red carpet.” According to Blažek, density is the key to success, but it regularly fails due to bureaucratic obstacles.

Above average rent burden in SH

Actors also differently assess the social explosive power of rising rents. Keyword rent burden rate: describes the proportion of a household’s net income that is allocated to gross rent – that is, rent including ancillary costs but excluding heating and hot water.

While Ann Sophie Mainitz refers to the Federal Bureau of Statistics, which shows an above-average 29.3 percent rental burden in Schleswig-Holstein (as of 2018) (federal government: 27.2), Blažek cites an analysis of her umbrella organization. According to this, wages in Germany grew more than rents from 2015 to 2020. One exception in Schleswig-Holstein: Plön district.

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Rent increase: what is the upper limit and the rent brake

When it comes to rent increases you have to separate two things. There are people like that Rent “in stock” – ie with existing tenants. Here the host’s greed is subdued by “upper limitIt regulates that the rent may not increase by more than 20%. in three years.

Until the end of 2019, there was a regulation in Schleswig-Holstein that stipulated that rents in tight housing markets could only increase by 15 percent over three years. In the opinion of the Tenants’ Association, this regulation should have been extended for another five years due to the tense situation. But Jamaica wanted it differently.

And they are there Rent for new rents. Here if applicable, rent control. It usually limits the increase in new rentals to ten percent of the local comparative rent. But the state government also lifted the lease brake. “The reduction in rents is a heavy burden for tenants in Schleswig-Holstein,” says Jochen Kiersch, state president of the German Tenants Association.

Example: Rent an apartment in Kiel-Ravensberg

On the other hand, it is clear to Blažek: “The legal requirements for a rental price brake are simply not available in the country.” Besides, this facility adds nothing to the low-income target group. Blažek gives the following example: An apartment in Kiel am Ravensberg, an old building, 75 square meters, costs around ten euros per square meter according to the rental rate – with rent control in new rents around eleven euros (rent rate plus a maximum of ten percent). According to the head of the association of people with low incomes, he cannot afford the eleven euros: “And those who have money enjoy the subsidies.”

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What about social housing? In Kiel, it only costs a good six euros. But first you have to get an apartment like this. Currently only 46,000 of the 220,000 social housing remain – and the trend is downward. As so far only less than 1,000 new social housing have been added each year, around 13,000 will fall out of maintenance by 2030.

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