The Catholic Information Agency (KNA) presents them briefly:
1. Archbishop Arthur Roche (72) exercised the liturgical authority for a year; previously he had been its secretary for nine years. Born in Great Britain, he was Bishop of Leeds from 2004 to 2012. Roche is considered moderate and has recently had much to do with defending Francis’ restrictions on the so-called Old Mass. After an internal visit, Francis appointed him the new head of the Vatican Congregation for Worship last year.
2. Archbishop LazzarusYou Heung-sik (70) was the former Archbishop of Daejoen, South Korea, and since June 2021 he is the Prefect (President) of the Congregation for the Clergy. You are seen as a representative of reconciliation with North Korea; Francis met him in 2014 during his trip to South Korea. Archbishop Ty has seldom been to the Vatican so far; he is the second, after the more famous Filipino Cardinal Luis Tagle, the East Asian head of the Vatican authorities.
3. Archbishop Fernando Vergez-Alzaga (77) is President of the Governorate since October 2021 and thus Head of the Vatican Government. A nun Raffaella Petrini (52) is in charge of the current affairs there. The Spaniard Vergez belongs to the religious priests of the legionaries of Christ. During the curia reform, he was entrusted with several tasks. Traditionally, the cardinal has always headed the administration of the Vatican City State.
4. Jean-Marc Aveline (63) is Archbishop of Marseille since autumn 2019; previously he was auxiliary bishop there for six years. Aveline was born in Algeria in 1958. After studying in Marseille, Avignon and Paris, he was ordained priest in Marseille in 1984.
After working in theological education and community ministry, Aveline became vicar general in 2007 and then auxiliary bishop in 2013. In 2008-2012 he was also an advisor to the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue. As Archbishop of a large Mediterranean port city, Aveline is also familiar with the issue of migration; There have been various speculations about a papal trip to Marseille.
5. Peter Okpaleke (59) has been the Bishop of the Diocese of Ecuulobia in South Nigeria since spring 2020. Although the south of Nigeria is not as hit by violence as the north, Okpaleke will be aware of the problems and events behind them. He himself dealt with ethnic problems after Benedict XVI. appointed him Bishop of Ahiara in 2012. Okpaleke is of Igbo ethnicity while most believers are Mbaise. Many refused to recognize him. Although Francis once again called for loyalty, Okpaleke eventually resigned in 2018. Two years later he became the bishop of Ekwalobia.
6. Leonardo Ulrich Steiner (71) has been Archbishop of Manaus since the end of 2019. As an important clergyman in the Amazon region, Steiner represents the important concern of the present pontificate for which Francis has convened his own special synod in 2019. The church in the region was particularly at risk during the Covid 19 pandemic, when 500 people sometimes died every day in Manaus alone. Steiner entered the Franciscan Order in 1972 and was ordained priest in 1978. He later served as Bishop of Sao Felix in Mato Grosso and as auxiliary bishop in Brasilia.
7. Filipe Neri Antonio Sebastiao di Rosario Ferrao (69) has been Archbishop of Goa and Damao since 2004. He comes from the region and has been auxiliary bishop there since 1993. As Archbishop, Goa Ferrau bears the honorary titles of “Primate of the East” and “Patriarch of the East Indies”. Since 2019, he has been the president of the Indian Bishops’ Conference – as successor to the Archbishop of Bombay, Oscar Gracias, whom the Pope brought to the Cardinal Council for the reform of the curia. As an Indian, Ferrao knows about the difficulties of interreligious dialogue, which in his country is greatly hampered by Hindu fundamentalists.
8. Robert Walter McElroy (68) has been Bishop of the American Diocese of San Diego since 2015. Referring to the migration policy of then US President Donald Trump, he said in 2019 that the government sows fear and declares that “refugees and immigrants who were historic America’s driving force, they are now the enemy. ” A year ago, in a dispute between US bishops over receiving communion for Catholic politicians who accept abortion, he warned against “making the Eucharist a political instrument.” It is disturbing that the sacrament “which is to bind us together becomes a source of discord for millions of Catholics.”
9. Virgilio Do Carmo Da Silva (54) has headed the Diocese of Dili in East Timor since 2016, which was raised to the rank of Archdiocese in 2019. Da Silva, a member of the Salesian Order, is the first archbishop of the country to become since 2002 recognized as an independent republic, and vice-president of the Episcopal Conference. About 97 percent of the 1.3 million inhabitants belong to the Catholic Church. The Pope’s trip to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea planned for 2020 should also stop in East Timor. It was canceled due to a pandemic; the next attempt is not yet visible.
10. Oscar Cantoni (71) was appointed Bishop of Como by Francis in 2016. Previously, Bishop of Crema was Cantoni, who is also the great prior of the Northern Italian lieutenants of the Order of the Equestrian Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. Cantoni became known when he was questioned in 2021 as a witness in an abuse trial surrounding a Vatican training seminar. This is run by an organization based in his northern Italian diocese. It was about concealing charges against one of his predecessors.
11. Anthony Poola (60) is the Archbishop of Hyderabad, India’s fourth largest city, as of 2020. Previously ordained in 1992, Poola was the Bishop of Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh from 2008, where he was born in the city of Poluru. Hyderabad is India’s fourth largest city; however, only 0.8 percent of the 14 million inhabitants are Catholic.
12. Paulo Caesar Costa (54) was appointed by Pope Francis in 2020 as head of the Brazilian capital of the Archdiocese of Brasilia. Costa, Doctor of Dogmatics at the Pontifical Gregorian University, is a member of the Pontifical Ecumenical Council and the Latin America Commission. In 2013, he was the deputy director for the organization of World Youth Day in Rio de Janeiro.
13. Richard Kuuia Baawobr (62), chaplain and former superior general of the Society of African Missionaries (White Fathers), has been Archbishop of Wa in his native Ghana since 2016. In 2020, Francis also appointed him to the Pontifical Ecumenical Council.
14. William Goh Seng Chye (64) has served as the Archdiocese of Singapore since 2013. In early May, Goh apologized for the abuse of two boys by a monk who was sentenced to five years in prison. About 360,000 of the population of 5.7 million in the financial and economic metropolis of Singapore, the smallest area in Southeast Asia, are Roman Catholic.
15. Adalberto Martinez Flores (70) was appointed by the Pope in February as Archbishop of Asuncion, the capital diocese of Paraguay. Previously, he was Bishop of Villarrica, but has been President of the National Bishops’ Conference since 2018.
16. Giorgio Marengo (47), the Italian missionary of Consolata, has been the head of the Ulaanbaatar Apostolic Prefecture (Mongolia) since 2020. Marengo, which has been operating in Central and East Asia since 2001, was received on Saturday by Francis at the Vatican along with a delegation of Christians and Buddhists.
Successive clergy receive the honorary cardinal dignity on August 27. They no longer have the right to vote in papal elections because they are over 80 years old.
17. Jorge Enrique Jimenez Carvajal (80) was Archbishop of Cartagena, Colombia until the end of March. He is a member of the Eudist Order. Jimenez studied philosophy, theology and social sciences in Chile. In the years 1995-1999 he was the secretary general of the CELAM Council of Latin American Bishops, and in the years 1999-2003 its chairman. Since 2005, he has headed the Archdiocese of Cartagena. Jimenez became world famous when Marxist rebels kidnapped him for a few days in November 2002. Jimenez was involved in the peace process.
18. Lucas Van Looy (80) was Bishop of Ghent, Belgium until 2019. Born in 1941, professed in 1968 with the Salesians, Fr. Divinely. Ordained a priest in 1970, in December 2003 he was appointed Bishop of Ghent by Pope John Paul II. In 2015, Pope Francis appointed him to the Executive Council of Caritas Internationalis.
19. Arrigo Miglio (79) was Archbishop of Cagliari in Sardinia until the end of 2019. As he will be celebrating his 80th birthday on July 28, he will no longer be able to vote for the Pope as cardinal. From 1999 to 2012, Miglio was the bishop of his native diocese of Ivrea. At the Italian Bishops’ Conference, he made a name for himself many times in social matters. In Cagliari there is the sanctuary of Madonna di Bonaria. The medieval statue of Mary is venerated not only as the patron saint of Sardinia, but also the capital of Argentina, Buenos Aires, the homeland of Francis.
20. Gianfranco Ghirlanda (79) is a Jesuit, expert on canon law and the retreat of the founder of the Order, Ignatius of Loyola; he too will be 80 before the consistory. In the years 2004-2010 he was the rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University. Ghirlanda played a key role in the drafting of the Curia’s constitution, the Gospel of the Praedicat, which was the basis for Francis’ reform of papal authority. He was also commissioned to conduct Vatican investigations in the Memores Domini secular community, and in 2014 as a consultant for the reform of the Legionaries of Christ and the community of “Regnum Christi”.
21. Fortunato Frezza (80) is a priest and since September 2013 he has been a member of the cathedral chapter of St. Peter. Frezza is a proven Bible scholar and is also known in Italy as the club chaplain of AS Roma, who won the inaugural UEFA Conference League this week. In 2014, Francis appointed him Undersecretary of the Synod of Bishops; The Pope in 2021 divided the position between a believer man and a religious woman.