On Wednesday 8 June, the Saxon Ministry of Justice and Democracy, Europe and Equal Opportunities presented an updated study on the gender pay gap “Wage Gap in Saxony during the Crown Pandemic”. A study that at first glance seems to indicate that women in Saxony are doing better than their female colleagues from other federal states. But the devil is in the details.
Hanka Kliese, vice-president and spokeswoman for gender equality in the SPD parliamentary group in the Saxon parliament, noted something positive in the study:
“The gender pay gap in Saxony is still below the national average. Contrary to fears, the pandemic of the crown has not changed the situation. For the SPD parliamentary group, however, one thing is certain when it comes to the numbers: the gender pay gap must completely disappear. We want to eliminate this injustice because women have a right to more. Basic condition: equal pay for equal work of equal value ”.
Ultimately, nothing really changed in the wage gap between men and women as a result of the crown pandemic, said Secretary of State at the Saxon Ministry of Justice and Democracy, Europe and Equality, Dr. Gesine Märtens, who presented the study on Wednesday.
“Women have the right to fair and equal pay. Each percent of the difference is definitely one too much – also in Saxony. Our aim must be to close this unacceptable pay gap completely. The Gender Pay Gap Survey clearly shows that women in Saxony still earn an average of 11.7% (2020 Gender Adjusted) and that we must continue to actively fight for equality in the world of work, “says Märtens.
“Especially the corona crisis, in which many, mainly women, in systemically important professions such as nursing and nursing, childcare or in the retail trade, have worked hard for the benefit of all of us,” he explains to all of us: we must finally have a consistent discussion on fair wages. “
Item with a corrected wage gap
Lucie Hammecke, spokeswoman for gender equality in the parliamentary group Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen in the Saxon Parliament, also noted that wage conditions in Saxony are particularly treacherous:
The adjusted gender pay gap in Saxony is higher than the unequaled pay gap, which means that despite the same qualifications, the same occupational field and the same working hours, women’s wages are on average 11.7% lower. Thus, Saxony differs significantly from Germany’s overall outlook, in which the unadjusted gender pay gap is traditionally much higher than the adjusted one. “
Contrary to other Länder, according to the IAB survey, the adjusted gender pay gap in 2020 was 11.7%, compared to the unadjusted gender pay gap of 7.6%. “The difference shows that women are better qualified than men in terms of the wage determinants included in the analysis,” says the Ministry of Justice and Democracy, Europe and Equality.
“This applies in particular to the profession and qualifications. They would even have to get a higher salary than men. According to the IAB study, this finding supports the existence of institutional and cultural framework conditions that lead to women’s disadvantage and lower wages. Measures to reduce these inconveniences include, for example, promoting compliance and working for fathers, or altering the so-called “gender pay gap in people’s minds”, meaning that lower earnings by women are seen as fair.
It sounds almost restrained, but shows that some employers in Saxony tend to be particularly patriarchal.
The IAB explains the adjusted ‘gender pay gap’ as follows: ‘The (unadjusted) gender pay gap is the difference between the average daily gross earnings of women and men in relation to the daily gross daily earnings of men. Using statistical methods, it can be broken down into explained and unexplained parts. The section explained quantifies the different characteristics of women and men that determine pay, for example in terms of occupation, qualifications or labor market experience. The unexplained part – or the adjusted gender pay gap – quantifies the earnings gap that remains when comparing men and women with similar occupations, qualifications or work history. ‘
The difference is greatest in Leipzig
And anyone who thinks Leipzig should be a role model and the exception is wrong: women’s qualifications are much more devalued here than in the rest of Saxony. While the adjusted “gender pay gap” in Saxony is 11.7 percent, it is 13.8 percent in Leipzig (the same as in the Ore Mountains).
It is true that women’s wages in Leipzig are much higher than elsewhere in Saxony (except Dresden), which may explain why women continue to work in Leipzig. However, in employers’ minds, the idea still seems vivid that women should still earn less than men if they have the same or even higher qualifications.
And that’s not all. The IAB also indicates that the assessment only covers full-time employees aged 15-65. Self-employed and part-time workers do not even appear in these statistics, although women in particular work part-time particularly often. The study also has a blind spot that the IAB can’t close because it doesn’t collect this data on all things.