A thin charging network, a shortage of raw materials, various world markets – when switching to electric cars, German companies are balancing. But everyone is different.
The EU wants to ban new petrol, diesel and hybrid cars from 2035 and only allow pure electric cars. This makes Europe a world pioneer.
The Association of European Automobile Manufacturers (ACEA) considers this target “extremely ambitious” and refers to limited raw materials and a thin charging network. There are currently only 307,000 charging points in the EU, half of them in Germany and the Netherlands.
How are European car manufacturers doing now?
In Asia and America, they should still be able to sell internal combustion engines after 2035 so as not to lose a large chunk of sales and profits, says industry expert Frank Schwope of NordLB. “After all, it is not to be expected that electric mobility will dominate the world by then. For example, China has no plans to phase out vehicles with internal combustion engines by 2060 ”.
At least in the European market, several car companies want to offer only battery cars before the EU ban is introduced. According to Schwope Peugeot, Citroen and Opel from 2028, Fiat, Renault, Ford and Nissan from 2030 and Volkswagen subsidiary Audi from 2033.
The company from Ingolstadt wants to launch the last new model with an internal combustion engine in 2025 and sell it around 2033 – the SUV on the American market. From now on, Audi wants to build internal combustion engines only in China, for the large Chinese market.
While Audi boss Markus Duesmann calls for “technology transparency”, BMW CEO Oliver Zipse promotes “technology openness”. Every second BMW should be a battery-powered car by 2030. However, he believes that the EU ban on internal combustion engines from 2035 is a mistake: “Today, putting everything on one card is an industrial policy mistake.” The open question is whether the necessary charging infrastructure will be created by 2035. It is not clear how Europe wants to ensure access to raw materials. New dependencies are at risk here.
At Mercedes-Benz, the motto is: “By 2030, we are ready for full electrics wherever market conditions allow it.” Board member Jörg Burzer said the manufacturer is expected to be almost fully involved in electromobility in the first plants around 2025. New factories should not be built for this purpose.
Volkswagen also did not provide a set exit date and refers to regional differences. Latin American customers are likely to continue to ask for petrol, diesel and even biofuel cars. However, Wolfsburg expects interest to decline steadily due to the tightening of regulations. From 2035 at the latest, electric vehicles should replace combustion engines. In 2030, half of the model range in the group should be battery cars, and VW wants to sell 70 percent of its cars in Europe as electric vehicles. (dpa)