A so-called protection zone will be created within a radius of approximately three kilometers around the affected plant in Emsbüren. A radius of ten kilometers around the company is considered a surveillance zone. According to the district, pigs must be kept in stalls, and the transport and transport of pigs is prohibited in both restricted areas. “Animals, meat and meat products as well as slurry, including manure and bedding, cannot be imported from stocks in this zone,” he said. In some cases, stricter rules apply to the protection zone.
The poviat also issues a general decree
Vets regularly take samples to check for possible further ASF infections. Altogether, this applies to 250 pig farmers with around 200,000 animals – some of which are in Bentheim County. On Tuesday, he also issued a general decree – z appropriate measures to protect their businesses.
Contact: Experts discuss the results
So far, according to the Ministry of Agriculture of Lower Saxony, there is no evidence of further cases. However, farmers in the region are concerned about fattening in Freren, some 20 kilometers away. The farm received piglets from the farm. The samples have already been taken there. “The results are available but will continue to be discussed in expert groups,” said Agriculture Minister Barbara Otte-Kinast (CDU) at NDR in Lower Saxony.
Otte-Kinast: “We have no trace”
Meanwhile, in Emsbüren, the search for the cause of the ASF outbreak continues. “We have no trace, everything is being investigated,” continued Otte-Kinast. So far, it has not been clear how the virus got into the stables, said NDR Lambert Hurink of the Society for Outbreak Prevention. This was also confirmed by Thomas Staack, Managing Director of the Lower Saxony Pig Breeders Interest Group. The company is considered well managed, which makes it difficult to find the cause.
Uncertainty among pig farmers in the region
The outbreak shook pig farmers in the region. Many are shocked and don’t know what to expect, said Georg Meiners of Emsland in Lower Saxony’s NDR. Overall, there is a lot of uncertainty. Many people now hoped it was an isolated incident – and that the virus could be contained by killing all the pigs there. – I advise all companies to strictly observe all security measures – said the Minister of Agriculture. “Companies know what to do and how to protect their stables from outsiders.” If everyone obeys the rules, they hope this one company will stay.
Halter noticed symptoms in breeding sows
According to the family, the confirmation of the ASF case was a shock. All 280 sows and approximately 1,500 piglets were killed on Sunday and their carcasses must be destroyed. The owner noticed symptoms in breeding sows last week and therefore called the farm vet. In connection with the suspicion of African swine fever, he sent samples to the State Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety (LAVES), which confirmed the suspicion. The Friedrich Loeffler Institute (FLI), which is responsible for animal diseases, verified the discovery Saturday morning.
Industry hopes for vaccinations, associations are calling for an end to industrial farming
The Farmers’ Association AEF hopes that the Emsland epidemic will remain an isolated case and calls on politicians to provide a vaccine against African swine fever. On the other hand, the environmental organization Greenpeace and the animal welfare association are calling for a rethink in animal husbandry. In her opinion, the main problem lies in the high density of animals in the region. Infections cannot be controlled there.
ASF first detected in Germany in 2020.
The first case of African swine fever in Germany was confirmed on September 10, 2020 – in a wild boar in Brandenburg. Since then, outbreaks have been identified in Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Saxony. In mid-July last year, swine fever spread to domestic pigs for the first time in this country – again in Brandenburg.
No vaccine or medicine for pigs
ASF is a contagious viral disease of domestic and wild pigs which is almost always fatal and incurable. So far, it is not possible to protect pigs with preventive vaccinations. The disease can be transmitted directly from animal to animal or indirectly through humans to other areas through contaminated items such as clothing, shoes and food. African swine fever is harmless to humans and other animals.