In Baden-Württemberg, just before the start of the new training year, more than 38,000 registered training places remain vacant. High school students are particularly concerned.
A few weeks before the start of the new training year, a good half of the registered training positions in Baden-Württemberg are still vacant. “The chances of last-minute decision makers are excellent,” says Economy Minister Nicole Hoffmeister-Kraut after the top-level talks on the training alliance. “There are still vacancies in all professions and in all regions of the state,” adds Christian Rauch, head of the Federal Employment Agency in Baden-Württemberg.
At the beginning of the training year on September 1, more than 73,500 training places were submitted to the authorities, which is 6,188 more than in the previous year. Hoffmeister-Kraut (CDU) is pleased that the pre-crisis level has almost been reached again: This is “good news”. The downside: the number of applicants continues to decline – and now stands at 45,338 (minus 1,038 positions). In purely mathematical terms, there are 1.6 training positions for each candidate. For comparison: in 2019, this value was still 1.3. According to Hoffmeister-Kraut, there is a risk that – as in previous years – many training positions will remain unfilled. Business and administration urgently need qualified specialists.
It is nice for the Chambers of Commerce and Industry (IHK) that the interest in these professions has increased again. After declines in two coronation years, 1.6 percent more training contracts were signed in the Southwest by the end of June. In turn, the industries that managed to increase the number of training during Corona are now 5.9 percent. lower in terms of contracts signed in the previous year. Both chambers have yet to reach pre-Corona levels.
The training rate for high school students is 25 percent
All participants in the top-level talks on the Training Alliance are particularly concerned about high school students. “They don’t come because they don’t think they have any chance,” says Education Minister Theresa Schopper (The Greens) about the young people’s motives. “We can’t leave anyone behind,” he warns. Rauch thinks companies are rethinking this. “I’ve heard from business that people don’t see grades the way they used to,” he says.
“Companies want to accompany their apprentices closely,” agrees Hoffmeister-Kraut, and appeals to young people: “Take the chance”, regardless of the preconditions. The training rate of secondary school students is around 25 percent. In addition, Maren Diebel-Ebers, vice-president of the German Confederation of Trade Unions (DGB) Baden-Württemberg, highlighted the enormous alignment problems. Many young people would not find a suitable place for training there.
In the year of Corona, many put off starting training
It was not necessarily expected that the gap between the applicants and the offered training places would widen this year. It has to do with developments in recent years. Not least because of Corona, many young people are delaying the start of training. Last year, there was great concern that these previous applicants would also enter the market in the coming years and that the training positions offered at the time might be insufficient. So far, however, this development has not taken place.
Those involved in the top-level discussion largely agreed that due to the constraints of the crown, some young people had difficulty developing career prospects and finding a suitable apprentice placement. “We have already introduced many job orientation offers,” says Hoffmeister-Kraut. The aim must be to bring young people closer to companies as quickly as possible. The week-long internships in Baden-Württemberg, which are held nationwide for the first time for young people aged 15 and over, have contributed to this. About 3,000 companies now offer approximately 180,000 internship days; registration takes place online (www.praktikumswoche-bw.de).
An orientation test is also available online to support young people in their job search. Previously, this test was intended for prospective students only; This year, it was extended to apprenticeships for the first time. Last but not least, this should indicate the equivalence of training and studies – which was not always the case in the past. Perhaps those responsible also hope that one of the high school students will decide to learn a profession instead of studying.