Cut currants – the summer cut provides many delicious fruits

Currant bushes should be pruned after harvest. Black currant requires a different pruning than red and white.

NRW – Currants with their unique sweet and sour taste are summer stars in the backyard garden. After planting, currant bushes are also extremely grateful: if you take good care of them, you can harvest tasty berries for at least twenty or thirty years. Regular pruning in summer ensures a good harvest next year.

currants also: currants
family gooseberry family
scientific name of the genus ribs

Cut currants – when is the best time for summer pruning

Currants ripen in July. Early varieties can be harvested as early as St. John (June 24) – this is the circumstance that owes its name to the fruit.

After harvest, this is the perfect time for pruning. Note: Freshly planted bushes should not be trimmed yet – summer pruning should only be started in the third year after planting (see further garden tips on RUHR24).

Slice white and red currants: that’s why it’s worth cutting for the summer

There is no difference in the method of pruning red and white currants. The reason: the berries are of a different color, but not botanically different.

For proper pruning, you must first distinguish between the scaffolding or main shoots that make up the shrub frame from the side shoots. Because like them Bavarian State Institute of Viticulture and Horticulture (LWG Bavaria) explains that red and white currants bear the most fruit on one-year-old side shoots of two- or three-year-old trellis.

The aim of pruning operations is therefore to promote the vitality and growth of these shoots, which in turn leads to a richer harvest with longer grapes. Trimming regularly also gives more light, making them thicker and juicier.

Red currants – summer pruning gives a better harvest. (symbol photo)

© Regina Wolf / RUHR24; NomadSoul / Panthermedia / Imago; Collage: Sabrina Wagner / RUHR24

Pruning white and red currants: how to prune a currant bush?

Basically, a three-year-old shrub consists of about eight to ten branches. This number should be kept constant over the years with the help of pruning. According to experts from LWG Bavaria and gartenjournal.net Garden owners when cutting in summer do the following:

  • Each year, three to four older scaffold shoots are cut off.
  • Instead, three to four one-year-old scaffold shoots should be left per bush. One-year shoots are easily recognizable by their smaller diameter and lighter color.
  • Any new shoots that exceed this value are removed close to the ground so that the total number of scaffold branches does not increase.
  • At the bottom of the bush, all side shoots are also shortened to about 30 centimeters. Since the plant gets too little light here, you can expect fewer berries.
  • In the upper part of the bush after harvesting, only the older side shoots (three-year-old and older) are removed.
  • On the other hand, one- and two-year-old side shoots must stand here – after all, in the next two years they will produce the most fruit!

Currants: Young shoots are easily recognizable by their lighter color.

© Regina Wolf / RUHR24

Blackcurrant pruning: the best time for pruning and maintenance pruning

Young blackcurrant bushes should be pruned in spring by about a third for the first three years. From the third year on, the care pruning is carried out in the summer after the harvest.

All weak or too narrow shoots are removed. Proper pruning can also be done after harvest, but most experts recommend it only in late winter. Currant bushes – like lavender – should never be cut in the fall, otherwise there is a risk of frost damage.

Pruning black currants: Keep young shoots, thinning the older ones

Unlike red and white varieties, black currants bear the most fruit on their annual runners (long bottom and side shoots), such as Mein-schöner-Garten.de explained. The following rule applies to blackcurrants: a few well-exposed new shoots give more fruit than many older ones.

Therefore, when trimming black currants, care should be taken to preserve as many new shoots as possible. In turn, the older ones are abbreviated more radically:

  • Loud botanikguide.de first remove the older main shoots (three-year-old and older).
  • Two-year-old main shoots are trimmed to the second or third long side shoots.
  • Two-year-old and even older long shoots are plucked shortened to two centimeters as gartenjournal.net explained.
  • However, all new long and side shoots should definitely be left standing, because all berries will grow on them in summer. Young shoots can also be recognized here by a lighter color.

Heading list: © Regina Wolf / RUHR24; NomadSoul / Panthermedia / Imago; Collage: Sabrina Wagner / RUHR24

Leave a Comment