NRNBERG (dpa-AFX) – After the Corona crisis, many companies are now struggling with a staff crisis. According to labor market researchers, this is not due to a massive exodus of workers from sectors particularly affected by the pandemic. On the contrary, fewer employment relationships subject to social security contributions have been terminated in almost all sectors than before Corona, explained Enzo Weber of the Institute for Labor Market Research (IAB) in Nuremberg. Staff shortages resulted from the fact that some companies employed fewer workers during the crisis.
“This is a result across industries,” says Weber. According to an assessment prepared with his IAB colleague Christof Rttger, the number of jobs covered by social security contributions that ended during the crisis (May 2020 – April 2021) fell by around ten percent compared to pre-crisis levels. While the number rose again in spring and summer 2021, it remained below pre-coronavirus levels until November 2021. According to the information, newer data was not available.
In the aviation industry, where flights across Europe are canceled or delayed precisely due to a lack of staff, some 28% were decommissioned between March 2020 and December 2021. fewer jobs covered by social security contributions than in the pre-crisis period between March 2018 and According to the calculations of IAB experts, in December 2019 it was about 11 percent. less in aviation and almost 60 percent. less in transhipments.
Experts’ explanation: During the crisis, many employers used part-time work and were therefore able to avoid redundancies. Many also tried to retain their own people because staff was limited, Weber said. And workers would also avoid layoffs due to poor job prospects.
The Federal Employment Agency confirms this also in the catering industry, where there are usually large fluctuations. During the pandemic, the risk of reorientation was too great for many of the workers there, the spokeswoman said. At the same time, however, there were significantly fewer newcomers from other professional fields or newcomers, for example after an internship or immigration.
However, according to Federal Agency estimates, people who lost their jobs during the crisis were looking for jobs in other sectors. According to a new study by the German Economic Institute, hotels and restaurants in particular have lost many employees to retail, transport and logistics.
There was a net job loss of approximately 47,000 people in the first coronation year, according to the Federal Employment Agency. In the aviation industry, which includes airlines, airport operations and other air traffic services, the Federal Agency had registered 104,000 employees subject to social security contributions at the end of 2021, down 13%. less than two years earlier. The demand for personnel in aviation competitions also collapsed.
However, the demand is growing again, according to the Federal Agency. A spokeswoman for the Federal Agency explained that the number of unemployed in aviation professions in June 2022 was close to or even lower than the number of job offers. This means that the potential available from the unemployed is very limited as not every job is reported to the employment agency.
“All industries affected by the crown now face the same problem. They all want to cover pent-up demand at the same time and in a short time, ”Weber said. But the labor market cannot afford it that fast. Therefore, it assumes that the situation will only gradually improve, and that normalization will not take place until next year – provided that there will not be a sharp corona wave again in autumn.