Against freedom ?! – GOOD AXIS. ACHGUT.PL

Jens Bernhardt.

Currently, it is socially clear that objective, up-to-date and reliable information is being replaced by subjective, voiced opinions of ideologically formed minorities. But open debates must be possible again in Germany.

In the molecular imagination of some neuroscientists, human freedom does not exist. In this sense, the action is deterministic, not self-determined.

Accordingly, man is a box that has some effect on external stimuli, i.e. on his senses, although there may be aleatoric (randomly dependent) elements in decisions at the molecular-neurophysiological level. The exact physico-physiological causes should not be considered in detail at this point.

In short: The human box processes external stimuli, let’s call them information, on the basis of an innate basis (so to speak “hardware”): the learned socio-cultural character (so to speak of the “operating system”) and its experience. based on a behavioral repertoire (“software”, so to speak). However, the social concept of freedom is not based on this deterministic – and limited aleatory – action.

The concept and understanding of freedom is expressed in the rejection of the awareness that one’s own behavior is shaped by others, usually by society, against one’s own values, norms and desires. Therefore, the current state of the neurobiological discussion is not decisive. The social concept of freedom is understood here as the possibility and execution of decisions. It is therefore a completely different definition. In this socio-philosophical sense, freedom exists.

The Impact of Care

The impact of this individual rejection by an emerging society is now taking place – to varying degrees, depending on the form of society

– Threats of physical violence, possibly also by intimidating those close to you
– Enforcing behaviors that make the individual an opponent of their own ideas. The individual becomes an accomplice, this is the true goal of any violent state.
– Public discredit
– Influencing the available information
– Influencing the quality of information or disinformation measures
– Discredit information of recognized quality (see below)
– Replacing the “general opinion” with individual decisions lacking qualitative information quality as a basis for action.

Incidentally, the concept of freedom is central to Resolution 217 A (III) of the United Nations General Assembly of December 10, 1948 (Declaration of Human Rights).

Particularly noteworthy is §26 para. 2, where education is related to fundamental freedoms.

One requirement: intelligence

As already briefly described, freedom should be viewed as the ability to make decisions and execute decisions. Ultimately, however, this is not enough.

To make a decision, you need to know what options are basically possible. Knowledge, in turn, depends on conditions that are usually not freely selectable. Therefore, in violent countries, this circumstance is a very decisive lever for long-term manipulation.

One requirement is physical: the ability to understand, and therefore intelligence.

For example, unfortunately only a few people have been able to familiarize themselves with the theories of relativistic quantum mechanics and be able to decide on one form or another of the theory. So intelligence is the basic requirement. Now it’s not always clear what intelligence is. This is an example of fluid intelligence as it requires problem solving, deductive thinking, although there is some disagreement among experts about classification. Another important form is the so-called crystalline intelligence, which is relatively easy to measure and relies on storing and retrieving information. Basically, these are traits that are usually measured with intelligence tests.

Contrary to what is often assumed, intelligence, which is what we can measure under this name, can be trained, albeit to a limited extent. But it can be compared to a sport. Training can improve anyone, but few achieve a world record. Nevertheless, it has a social significance because: Here too the manipulation of the state takes place. Education comes to mind, which is hindered or denied to women in many countries (e.g. in some Islamic countries). However, uneducated people are easy to manipulate.

Another requirement: the information itself

– Only the available information can be used reasonably, for example for crystal intelligence.

– Furthermore, it is imperative that this information is correct, otherwise a decision based on inaccurate information leads to a decision that does not correspond to its own desired goals, values ​​and standards. Correct information is objective, up-to-date and reliable. These quality criteria, especially with regard to reproducibility, are recognized scientific principles.

Currently, it is socially clear that objective, up-to-date and reliable information is being replaced by subjective, voiced opinions of ideologically formed minorities. Ludwig Erhard recognized this phenomenon in principle in his book “The Social Market Economy – The Order of the Future – Manifesto 1972” that a society like ours is very susceptible to small, loud and loud groups. Unfortunately, much of the media does not act as corrective here, but often as an enhancer of this harm.

To meet the quality criteria

For example, case law is very susceptible to subjectivism and unfortunately does not yet work satisfactorily in meeting quality criteria, no matter how difficult it may be in this specialized field.

However, in other disciplines that clearly overlap with the law, strong efforts are made to work on the quality of speech: econometrics and experimental economics found their way into economics with surprising discoveries. Several Nobel prizes have been awarded in this field in recent years.

In medicine, “autistic, undisciplined thinking” (Bleuler) was typical until the 1980s, adorned with a lot of Latin and little value. Internationalization has had a major impact, primarily through the US FDA in the drug sector, followed by Germany’s Second Amendment of the Drug Act (AMG) and the obligation to use statistical methods to generate objective, valid, and repeatable drug claims. Then came the so-called evidence-based medicine for all drugs, the further development of which is far from predictable. The current peculiarities in collecting data on the course of the pandemic, the effectiveness of the measures taken, especially vaccination and the related risks, are at least not very promising.

On the way to self-mutilation immaturity

If general education in society is open to all social groups, information is of high quality, and information is freely and widely available to these social groups, it becomes clear that the number of choices is a reflection of society’s freedom.

This is consistent with the avoidance by Judith N. Shiklar summum malum: the possibility of making as many decisions without fear as is compatible with the equal freedom of every other human being. Debates should always reflect this freedom. This is why things are in very bad shape right now.

As a result, it is not the task of a free society, for example, to discredit decisions made in other, equally free societies. The public service media of the state should also present a different point of view, without comment and without value, especially to initiate a debate. In other words, “Audiatur et altera pars”. Everything else should be a matter for the citizens.

But it’s not like that. Unfortunately, this deficit now covers an extraordinary number of topics, including:

– climate sensitivity to CO2 and the associated climate target of 1.5 ° C
– “for and against” nuclear facilities
– the real consequences of our “energy transformation”
– for or against vaccinations (especially if they do not produce sterile immunity)
– gender debates: How much is gender?
– the question of fairness: equal opportunities and distributive justice

Open debates must also be possible again in Germany. We are not on the right track there, even if the president told us: “We live in the best Germany that has ever been.” One of our really great ones, Immanuel Kant, would probably prefer to see us on the road to self-mutilation of immaturity.

Jens Bernhardt he studied physics in Cologne and medicine in Berlin.

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